Garden maintenance is the process of keeping a garden clean and well maintained. It is vital to keep a garden free from any weeds, pests or diseases. Garden maintenance also involves lawn care, weeding, edging, trimming and occasionally pruning hedges, flowers and trees, and clearing excess leaves on the ground, particularly in the Fall. Then it depends entirely upon what customers have in their landscaped gardens so that it could also include tree pruning, flower and bush trimming, cutting of large bushes, planting of annual bedding plants and roots, and lawn care and repairs.
When gardening, many different tasks need to be undertaken at periodic intervals, and some are more desirable than others. One of the most desirable of all the garden maintenance jobs is that of weeding. Weeding weakens the soil and helps to aerate the soil and remove unwanted grass, leaves, and other debris from the area. However, weeds can become highly invasive if not properly removed or disposed of.
Another type of desirable garden maintenance is fertiliser application. Fertiliser helps to keep the soil prosperous and gives it strength to withstand the onslaught of winter snows. In addition to this, many varieties of plant life require regular fertilisation. Garden maintenance also involves weeding and adding compost to the soil, and this aids the growth of desirable plants as well as reduce chemical fertilising costs for the gardener.
The gardener should know about weed control. Weeds can be tough to get rid of and often take over an entire plant or several plants, making them a constant source of irritation to the garden owner. There are many different types of weed control, from using pesticides to mechanical removal to changing the soil and mulching. It is advisable to try a combination of several techniques before resorting to any one method. Chemical weed control is not always the best option, and some chemicals can harm human beings or pets.
Another aspect of garden maintenance is watering. Irrigation is necessary to hydrate the plants, keep the soil moist, and develop healthy roots. There are three primary types of watering – dry, wet and hydraulic. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages and should be used carefully by the gardener.
Mulching is perhaps the most accessible form of garden maintenance. By placing mulch around the plants, the gardener prevents soil erosion, keeps water in the soil for more extended periods, and prevents the development of weed seeds. One should mulch in spring before the first frost. However, one should never let mulch sit on top of the soil for two weeks, damaging the tender roots. Garden maintenance is crucial as it will help the plants to grow healthy and strong. Mowing the lawn regularly is also a part of garden maintenance as this will prevent the formation of long grass and ensure that the garden looks neat.
Feeding the plants is another aspect of garden maintenance that needs to be followed with precision. Organic fertilisers should be used for the plants as chemical fertilisers are harmful to the plants. The gardener should ensure that the compost he makes does not contain any iron as this causes the growth of black spots on the leaves. Gardening is an effective way to reduce stress and tension as it increases the activities of the immune system. Garden maintenance should be planned as a part of a gardening routine, and one should always check the condition of the garden after each gardening session. It will ensure that the garden is well maintained and that the gardener does not need to visit the garden to fix a problem.